After the pioneering work initiated by Colin Renfrew and Marie-Claire Cauvin in Anatolia and the Near East, obsidian has certainly been considered as one of the most emblematic revelations of Neolithic ideology and the complexity of its social forms and networks. The fieldwork and analyses we conducted with Nur Balkan Atlı in 1998-2005, totally changed the perception of the conditions under which obsidian was acquired and processed during the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period before being disseminated over long distances. In addition, this work has made it possible to discuss the identity of the craftsmen, both in terms of their level of specialisation and in terms of their cultural identity, which is very strongly articulated with the PPNB of the Levantine Corridor and the Mesopotamian High Valleys. The recent improvement of the 14C dataset made it now possible to highlight the coexistence of two technical traditions, EPPNB and Epipalaeolithic, in the middle of the 9th millennium BCE in Central Anatolia, at the origin of the emergence of a syncretic expression of the Neolithic in this region.
Didier Binder is Director of Research at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France), an organisation of which he has been a member since 1983 after obtaining a doctorate in Prehistory at the University of Paris 10 - Nanterre. In the past, he has assumed numerous collective responsibilities at the CNRS, universities and the Ministry of Culture. He is currently based in Nice at CEPAM, a joint laboratory of the CNRS and the Côte d'Azur University. His research themes concern the Mesolithic and Neolithic periods in the Mediterranean. He addresses the questions of transfers, mobilities and interculturalities, and, beyond, the nature of social forms and change, through a systemic approach to material cultures articulating resources, modes of production and uses. His research fields are mainly located in the central and western Mediterranean, particularly around the question of interactions between hunter-gatherers and early farmers.
Home page: http://www.cepam.cnrs.fr/contact/1254/
Selection of articles available at https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Didier_Binder